Examining Action Effects in the Execution of a Skilled Soccer Kick by Using Erroneous Feedback

TitleExamining Action Effects in the Execution of a Skilled Soccer Kick by Using Erroneous Feedback
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsFord P, Hodges NJ, Williams AM
JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
Volume39
Issue6
Pagination481 - 490
Date Published11/2007
ISSN0022-2895
AbstractThe authors examined the role of action effects (i.e., ball trajectory) during the performance of a soccer kick. Participants were 20 expert players who kicked a ball over a height barrier toward a ground-level target. The authors occluded participants' vision of the ball trajectory after foot-to-ball contact. Participants in a 1st group received erroneous feedback from a video that showed a ball-trajectory apex approximately 75 cm lower than that of their actual kick, although the ball's landing position was unaltered. Participants in a 2nd group received correct video feedback of both the ball trajectory and the landing position. The erroneous-feedback group showed a significant bias toward higher ball trajectories than did the correct-feedback group. The authors conclude that performers at high levels of skill use the visual consequences of the action to plan and execute an action.
DOI10.3200/JMBR.39.6.481-490
Short TitleJ. of Motor BehaviorVJMB