Implicit Adaptation Processes Promoted by Immediate Offline Visual and Numeric Feedback

MSL research field: 
Skill acquisition
TitleImplicit Adaptation Processes Promoted by Immediate Offline Visual and Numeric Feedback
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsLarssen, BC, Kraeutner, SN, Hodges, NJ
JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
Pagination1 - 17
Date PublishedMar-07-2022
ISSN0022-2895
KeywordsAdaptation learning, implicit processes, Internal models, Knowledge of results
Abstract

In adaptation learning, visual feedback impacts how adaptation proceeds. With concurrent feedback, a more implicit/feedforward process is thought to be engaged, compared to feedback after movement, which promotes more explicit processes. Due to discrepancies across studies, related to timing and type of visual feedback, we isolated these conditions here. Four groups (N = 52) practiced aiming under rotated feedback conditions; feedback was provided concurrently, immediately after movement (visually or numerically), or visually after a 3 s delay. All groups adapted and only delayed feedback attenuated implicit adaptation as evidenced by post-practice after-effects. Contrary to some suggestions, immediately presented offline and numeric feedback resulted in implicit after-effects, potentially due to comparisons between feedforward information and seen or imagined feedback.

URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00222895.2022.2088678https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00222895.2022.2088678
DOI10.1080/00222895.2022.2088678
Short TitleJournal of Motor Behavior
Refereed DesignationRefereed
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