Topical Review: Perceptual-cognitive Skills, Methods, and Skill-based Comparisons in Interceptive Sports

MSL research field: 
Expertise
TitleTopical Review: Perceptual-cognitive Skills, Methods, and Skill-based Comparisons in Interceptive Sports
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsHodges, NJ, Wyder-Hodge, PA, Hetherington, S, Baker, J, Besler, Z, Spering, M
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Volume98
Issue7
Pagination681 - 695
Date PublishedJan-01-2021
ISSN1040-5488
KeywordsAnticipation, attention, baseball, Expertise, perceptual-cognitive, Prediction, sport, vision
Abstract

We give a comprehensive picture of perceptual-cognitive (PC) skills that could contribute to performance in interceptive sports. Both visual skills that are low level and unlikely influenced by experience and higher-level cognitive-attentional skills are considered, informing practitioners for identification and training and alerting researchers to gaps in the literature.Perceptual-cognitive skills and abilities are keys to success in interceptive sports. The interest in identifying which skills and abilities underpin success and hence should be selected and developed is likely going to grow as technologies for skill testing and training continue to advance. Many different methods and measures have been applied to the study of PC skills in the research laboratory and in the field, and research findings across studies have often been inconsistent. In this article, we provide definitional clarity regarding whether a skill is primarily visual attentional (ranging from fundamental/low-level skills to high-level skills) or cognitive. We review those skills that have been studied using sport-specific stimuli or tests, such as postural cue anticipation in baseball, as well as those that are mostly devoid of sport context, considered general skills, such as dynamic visual acuity. In addition to detailing the PC skills and associated methods, we provide an accompanying table of published research since 1995, highlighting studies (for various skills and sports) that have and have not differentiated across skill groups.

URLhttps://journals.lww.com/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001727https://journals.lww.com/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001727
DOI10.1097/OPX.0000000000001727
Short TitleOptom Vis Sci
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